There are many elements common to most folk tales, like Cinderella, the Three Little Pigs, and Rumpelstiltskin.
- Clearly defined good and bad characters. You always know who to cheer for.
- Descriptions are quick and to the point.
- A promise of some kind is made--for example, Rumpelstiltskin promises to spin straw into gold.
- The number 3--This can be characters like the Three Little Pigs, or the Three Ugly Stepsisters, or a sequence of events. The princess has three nights to guess Rumpelstiltskin's name.
- Magic-Jack has three magic beans that make a beanstalk grow.
- Extraordinary animals, often talking animals, or magical creatures like giants.
- Many are cumulative. Phrases are repeated throughout.
- Happy endings. The good guys always win and live happily ever after.
What many don't realize, is that in the original version, there was no kissing. The princess broke the spell by throwing the frog against a wall, and in other versions, she must cut off his head in order to turn him back into a prince. In folklore, shapeshifting spells were often broken by acts of violence. In fact, Grimm's tales are exactly that... grim. Most parents don't want to tell their children that the ugly step sister cut off her toes to fit into the glass slipper, or that the handsome prince falls out of the tower into thorn bushes and is blinded by the witch in Rapunzel. This is how variations came about. Certain elements are altered to accommodate and make a story suitable for a certain age or culture, but the core story remains the same. In 1971, Jim Henson did a Muppet version of The Frog Prince that introduced us to Robin, the frog, and the monster, Sweetums, which to this day is my favorite version.
Disney brought the story to New Orleans and the bayou, while our very own, Jackie Mims Hopkins gave us The Horned Toad Prince set in Texas.
"'Now what?' asked Reba Jo.
'Would you give me a kiss, por favor?' asked the horned toad.
'You've gotta be kiddin'!' shrieked Reba Jo. 'You know dang well a kiss wasn't part of this deal, you low-life reptile.'
'If you do this one last thing for me, we'll call it even, and I'll be on my way pronto,' the horned toad said.
'You'll leave right away?' Reba Jo asked suspiciously. 'You promise?'
'Si, te lo prometo,' agreed the horned toad.
Reba Jo thought hard for a minute. She glared at the horned toad. 'I can't believe I'm even considerin' this,' she said, 'but if it means you'll leave right now... pucker up, Lizard Lips.'"
You can see, even from this short excerpt, how the dialog, slang, and use of Spanish words help to set a very specific tone for a Texan adventure... a far cry from the Grimm brother's native Germany. The princess in this story becomes a cowgirl who loses her brand new hat after it is blown off of her head in the arroyo. Lucky for her, she comes across a horned toad who will retrieve her hat for a bowl of chili, a song, and a siesta in her hat.
All of these changes update the story and make it more accessible to young kids. Do you have a favorite folk or fairy tale? Have you looked up other versions and adaptations? How would you change The Frog Prince to make it relate more to your kids or students?
Other Folktales from Peachtree: